Approximately 20-40 % of the rural population of Central and Eastern Europe have no proper sanitation. In the Ukrainian part of the Western Bug River the majority of the population lives in rural areas.
Several alternatives for addressing sanitation in rural areas are available today. In rural areas of the Ukrainian part of the Western Bug River Basin attempts to introduce dry toilets has been shown particularly appropriate. It promotes raised living standards to the level of the cities with a low cost and reduces water pollution through wastewater and eliminates the risks to human health.