The programme “Building Capacity and Involvement of Civil Society in Environmental and Natural Resources Management in North West Russia and the Barents Sea” has been developed through a consultative and participatory process between Coalition Clean Baltic, WWF Russia and WWF Sweden and in cooperation with WWF’s Baltic Ecoregion Programme (BEP). It will be implemented in the Russian part of the Baltic Sea Region and the Barents Region where the competition over natural resources is increasing and the resource base is at risk.
A major problem in the Baltic Sea is eutrophication. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the Baltic Sea has changed from an oligotrophic clear-water sea into a highly eutrophic marine environment. According to 2014 HELCOM assessment, nearly the entire Baltic Sea is affected by eutrophication. Most of the water quality problems in the Baltic Sea originate upstream the thousands of waterways in the catchment area. Some 25% of the nutrient loads to the Baltic derive from wastewater and upstream, transboundary sources of pollution.
1.River Luga is located in the southwest of the Leningrad Region of Russia. It is the second largest river discharging into the Gulf of Finland. The estuary and receiving area of Luga River is currently suffering due to active urban and industrial development of port infrastructure and related sectors. The River Luga is the only river in the Russian part of the Baltic Sea where wild salmon naturally reproduce.
2. TheKurgalskiy Nature Reserve, established in 2000, is included in the network of HELCOM Baltic Sea Marine Protected Areas and on the RAMSAR Convention list of protected wetlands of international importance.The Kurgalskiy Reserve is an area of high conservation value for the Eastern Baltic Sea region as it serves as a spawning ground for many commercial fish species. The Kurgalskiy Reserve is furthermore an important breeding area for many species of marine birds and stopover for migrating birds, and it is the key area for the Baltic ringed seal haul-outs in the Gulf of Finland.
3. Curonian Lagoon is another example of the environmental stress in the Baltic region, the largest shallow lagoon of the Baltic Sea. Due to its natural beauty, the lagoon has a high tourism potential, though this potential is hampered due to harmful algal blooming caused by intensive nutrient loading and eutrophication.
4. Nemunas River is the third-largest contributor of total nitrogen and phosphorus to the Baltic from the territory of four countries. Several of the 58 fish species registered in the Curonian Lagoon are affected, among those a number of rare species included on the Lithuanian, Russian and HELCOM Red Lists for protection.
The current situation in Russia is volatile, competition over natural resources is increasing and civil society can potentially play an important role in strengthening natural resources management and mitigating environmental impact by engagement with public and private sectors based on existing legislation.
Through capacity development of civil society, the Programme will contribute to a vibrant debate regarding natural resources sustainability and ecosystem resilience, holding both public and private sector accountable and driving a change in management of natural resources towards sustainability. Therefore, our joint goal is to provide opportunities to more civil society organisations to raise their capacity and expertise.
Ecosystem approach to water resources management in Luga river basin – Baseline report
The public opinion on the situation with Ecosystem Approach in River Basin Management in Leningrad region and prospects. Appendix 1 – Public participation in EBM Appendix 2 – Municipal plan of ecosystem river basin management
Summary of the Programme results within BBNP Programme in Kaliningrad region
Within the framework of the Barents-Baltic Nature and People Programme, the following objects of eco-tourist infrastructure were created in Kaliningrad region: 1. Ecological trails in two natural protected areas. 2. Daubass Eco-Hiking Trail. 3. Information boards in Bolshakovo village and Slavsk city. 4. Ecological Information Center in Mysovka village. 5. Art installations based on the myths […]
How to use manure without loss for farmers and environment
This small brochure in Russian gives idea about the following questions: Manure is a source of nutrients Lost profits: livestock waste – a resource for farming How a farmer can prevent nitrogen and phosphorus losses, save money and help the Baltic Good examples of livestock waste management and cost-effective solutions for farmers – in Russia, […]
Interim Report on RBM and the ecosystem approach in MSP processes in nature conservation of the Curonian Lagoon
Information Domnin D.A., Domnina A.Y., Shchagina N.V., Chubarenko B.V. River basin management and ecosystem approach in marine spatial planning processes or nature conservation in the Curonian Lagoon and river basin catchment in Kaliningrad region of Russia / Intermediate report, the 3nd year of the BBNPP program. – Kaliningrad: BIEH, 2018. – 35 p. Домнин Д.А., Домнина […]
Children’s book for environmental education “My Curonian Spit”
A book for children about the environment and the inhabitants of the Curonian Spit. Author: Elena Ezhova Artist – Masha Koneva Illustrator – Valery Sarapinas
Baltic Harbour Porpoise
CCB information on Harbour porpoise is now available also in Russian. In this brochure you can find the latest scientific findings on how many there are in the Baltic Sea, where they are and more importantly where they go to mate and bring up the calves. The project SAMBAH has given very important insights as […]
Through the arrangement of seminars, KO local actors including representatives of regional authorities and academia, became familiar with BBNP project, its aims and objectives, plans and activities on river monitoring within the Neman and Pregolya basins as well as on wells monitoring (analysis of nitrates content). Belarusian NGOs from another CCB Programme were involved as experts.
One Resource Centre for popularization of environmental education was opened in Rybachiy Township in KO, located in a local school.
Four educational eco-routes have been designed with the purpose of outdoor environmental education.
“Water Centres” in three schools located in towns within the Neman and Pregolya river basins (Zapovednoe, Gvardeisk, Sovetsk) were established; hydro biological and hydro chemical equipment for public water monitoring was transferred to centre/school coordinators.
Researchers, wetland nature reserve rangers, CSO community and decision-makers met to discuss the local actions in nature conservation and planned collaborative actions in future in Kurgalsky Nature Reserve. Surveys and discussions with the tourists about the conservation value of the Kurgalsky Nature Reserve have been conducted and information from those was processed. Understanding of typical visitors is important to develop nature-friendly mechanisms of reducing the unorganized wild tourist load. Programme partners participated in all discussions and public hearings about potential construction of Nord Stream 2 through the Kurgansky Nature Reserve. The tourists were interviewed in Kurgalsky Nature Reserve and were informed about Nature Reserve and its value. Preliminary agreement for cooperation with tourist centre at Kurgalsky Nature Reserve was concluded.
Public involved in discussions of different aspects of ecosystem-based management aside just spatial planning during the CCB’s round table on ecosystem-based approach in integrated river basin and coastal marine areas management at Baltic Sea Days Forum in LO.
Two-days seminar «Agricultural tourism: start your business» held in KO and united about 50 persons, created interaction with local communities, provided education of participants; drafts of business-plans were prepared. As an outcome of the seminar the “School for junior guides” was created and launched to involve young generation living at the territory of the National Park into sustainable tourism activities. The students of Rybachiy village showed great engagement into nature conservation activities through participation in ecological actions; creation of positive relations to National Park. The seminar “Rural tourism: how to write a successful project” was organized at territory of National Park was performed during two days. Participants were trained by invited experts in approaches and methodological steps to prepare the project applications. Seminar combined not only adult, but also youth from Club Friends of Curonian Spit. Five project applications were drafted and one submitted in the competition of social and cultural projects of LUKOIL in Kaliningrad region. It was an outcome from the seminar “Rural tourism: how to write a successful project”. Opportunities for financing from the Baltic Sea Nature Conservation Foundation were presented to local partners, several project ideas launched.
Innovative public awareness campaign on environmental protection of the Baltic Sea – the general concept and preliminary design of the Baltic Sea Museum were done. Collaboration with local authorities at the City of Kaliningrad level and local authorities at regional level was established.
OUTCOME 2. Ecosystem Based Management (EBM) is understood by civil society and applied in Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) processes in dialogue with other key stakeholders
Outcome 2.1. Civil society is active and capable stakeholder in MSP processes
Chairperson of the Environmental Commission of the Leningrad Oblast Legislative Assembly, representative of Ust’ Luga Harbour, activists and NGOs agreed to cooperate with in the frame of the Programme in LO.
Elders of Kurgalsky Peninsula villages got the information on governing bodies which control environmental issues within LO and on the international conventions for environmental protection.
Programme partners were trained on Maritime Spatial Planning and public participation by CCB. Network-based school projects are initiated by the schools of Kaliningrad and Belarus using outcomes of a joint expedition.
Residents and summer residents of Kurgalsky Peninsula got the information on Kurgalsky Nature Reserve, its natural values and vulnerable spices and different threats to the Nature Reserve.
BFN received an experience preparing materials about EBM for wider audience by preparing the Wadden Sea case at the round table during the Baltic Sea days.
Earlier published materials about Kurgalskiy were collected and reviewed, discussion of the concept of the Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) plan for the area started and approaches were made to sustainable development in LO. A core team of volunteers for pilot MSP project was formed during the 3-day seminar in Vyborg. Volunteers received knowledge and experience of involvement of public in nature conservation activities
Three very different coastal areas with strong ecosystem-based management practice were visited during the study trip for coastal and marine spatial planning. BFN received knowledge of approaches on how managers of nature reserves from the UK make the reserves friendlier for visitors and learned how public can be involved in the research of species from regional and international Red Lists and how people can help the wildlife around them.
Output 2.2. EBM integration in MSP is recognized by relevant stakeholders, and implementation of EBM integration in MSP activities has started
Public Environmental Council of the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland was created in LO, where potential joint projects with stakeholders were formed.
The concept of the Environmental Information Centre in the village Mysovka was created.
Volunteers were selected and trained to collect environmental samples of water to study the monitoring parameters released during the blue-green algal blooms (Morskoe, Rybachy, Lesnoye, Zelenogradsk).
The analysis of the ecological situation was carried out and the points of monitoring sampling were selected for determining the toxicity of water and the content of nutrients, as a part of capacity building activities for local volunteers participating in pilot MSP projects.
Two seminars, three trainings and two meetings with stakeholders were held in KO on by-catch and blue-green algal blooming.
A list of 5 key recommendations on the use of the less-impacting fishing gear in terms of by-catch was developed, one by-catch-monitoring workbook for fishermen developed, contacts with 10 fishermen established.
Good relations and cooperation with the fisheries cooperative “Fisherman of the Baltic” was established for the opening of the Environmental Information Centre and implementation of the by-catch monitoring activities in KO.
The concept of multi-functional piers at rivers and channels in Krasnoe village (Polessk municipality, KO) was designed, manufactured and supplied, as part of sustainable coastal infrastructure project.