According to UNEP expectations plastic production was projected to increase by up to 40 per cent over the next 10 years, which made achieving a significant reduction in marine pollution by the year 2025, as reflected in Sustainable Development Goal target 14.1, as remote as ever.
CCB believes that a voluntary phase out of MP is inadequate and an urgent EU regulatory action is necessary to treat such a complex and transboundary problem. The proposed EU Directive on the reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment was agreed by the EU commission (May 2018), and adopted by EU parliament (March 2019).
In 2017, CCB has implemented a project Plastic Free Baltic, which has significantly contributed to lifting up the agenda of microplastic/marine litter pollution in the Baltic Sea region, including the upstream catchment area.
In 2019, CCB will start implementing a new project: “Plastic Free Ocean“. The project activities will support implementation of the EU Plastics Strategy and the idea is to address the growing pollution of the Baltic Sea (and through it – the world ocean) by single-use plastic items, primary and secondary microplastics, and associated toxic chemicals through a combination of:
– policy-oriented measures
– awareness-raising public campaign
– monitoring activities
– assistance to identified target groups from private and municipal sector in switching to plastic-free alternatives (hotels, rural and eco-tourism houses, airlines, cruise ships, municipal organizations, public laundries, religious organizations and others) .
Read the interview of Mikhail Durkin, CCB Executive Secretary, about the project and objectives.
Actors who have decided to decrease/ban usage of single-use plastic products:
- Government, school and other actors. Media coverage available here (can be Google-translated).
- Several small cafés/restaurants in Jurmala have started replacing plastic glasses and other cutlery and utilizing outreach materials produced by Green Belt of Latvia, see overview here.
- The municipality of Gdansk decided to become plastic-free city and announced its challenge at the EUSBSR Annual Forum in June 2019. Other activities in an overview here.
- An eco guesthouse and a catering company in Pomeranian Voivodshop of Poland were approached by the Polish Ecological Club and considering decrease in consumption of single use plastic.
- Ecological (vegetarian) café in Kaliningrad has phased out single use plastic cutlery from catering.
- Number of actions to promote plastic-free way of living are carried by Zero Waste Lviv.
- Compilation of environmental advises “Act EcoLogically” (in Russian) issued in cooperation of the project partner Friends of the Baltic/Ecocentrum (St.Petersburg, Russia) in cooperation with Environmental Safety Committee of the Government of St.Petersburg, part of which is dedicated to reducing amount of single-use plastic items consumption.
- Revised Consumer Guide and policy brief (ENG/DE) on microplastics in cosmetics, policy briefs on plastic inputs from artificial turfs (ENG/DE) and from tyres (ENG/DE), as well as inputs to the 2019 Plastic Atlas and to the leaflet and brochure on 11 Tips for Plastic-Free Living were produced by Friends of the Earth Germany.