Harmful Installations and Maritime Transport
Baltic Sea is one of the most crowded shipping areas in the world. Hazardous substances from shipping get into the environment through atmospheric emissions from combustion, leaking from anti-fouling paints and intentional or accidental spills of oil and hazardous substances. According the HELCOM Maritime Assessment (2018), there were over 295 000 visits to the ports of the Baltic Sea region in 2015.
Maritime transport of hazardous substances and waste such as radioactive materials, oil and fertilizers also pose a threat to the Baltic Sea environment.
On the latter, CCB published a new report, “Concept Best Available Technologies & Techniques: Bulk Fertilizer Handling” to further the necessary discussion for port improvements for handling fertilizers in Baltic Sea ports. To that intention, CCB encourages industry development of best practices in an open innovation setting, with learning shared among peer organizations.
To substantially reduce the discharges of harmful substances to the Baltic Sea from sources both on land (municipal sewage, atmospheric deposition) and from point sources (Ships and harbours).
How is CCB working with this issue?
CCB aims to raise awareness on and avoid potential threats to the Baltic Sea environment and to valuable Baltic Sea coastal areas from harmful installations and maritime transport. Examples of harmful installations are oil terminals, nuclear power plants and port facilities.
CCB work is dedicated to promote environmentally safe technologies and responsible shipping practices for the handling and transport of harmful substances and waste (see above, Report “Concept Best Available Technologies & Techniques: Bulk Fertilizer Handling“).
What can countries do together?
- Give very high priority to the implementation of the HELCOM Baltic Strategy to improve the system of port reception facilities for waste and harmful substances generated on ships;
- Make concerted efforts to eliminate sub-standard ships from entering and operating in the Baltic Sea;
- Put a stop to offshore oil and gas exploitation in the Baltic Sea.
What can each country do?
- Take measures to reduce the discharges of harmful substances in municipal waste and storm water and as well as from installations which generate pollution;
- Make detailed Environmental Impact Assessments.
What can you do?
- Lobby your own government or local authorities to reduce the discharges of harmful substances to the Baltic Sea from sources both on land and from point sources.
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- “Maritime Activities in the Baltic Sea” (HELCOM, 2018, 12.4 MB)
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